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Thursday, March 22, 2018

Mindfulness in Schools

From NESCA News & Notes

By Ann-Noelle McCowan, M.S., RYT
March 5, 2018

Open Google, type in "Mindfulness in Schools" and you are presented with a buffet of resources. What was once seen as an alternative idea has been mainstreamed. But what is Mindfulness and why is it something that deserves a place in schools?

Mindfulness was originally developed as part of the 8-Fold Path of Buddhism. With mindfulness, your attention would be turned inward, and also impact your relationship with the world through mindful actions and behaviors.

Now it is scientifically studied and found in locations from professional locker rooms, jails and hospitals to Fortune 500 companies like Nike, Google and Apple.

Advancements in brain imaging show that a regular mindfulness practice creates increased activity in the areas of the brain associated with working memory, executive function, emotional regulation, perspective taking and empathy, with decreases in the areas of the brain associated with depression, PTSD and stress (correlated with a decrease in amygdala size).

Mindfulness’ increased popularity may be due to the fact that it is an adaptable, take-with-you-anywhere antidote to a society that is increasingly fast-paced and technology-focused. In a global world, it helps us feel both connected to ourselves and grounded where we are.

More of us are stressed, anxious and depressed, and mindfulness can help soothe our worries without negative side affects.

Schools are responsible for teaching children skills and information across many content areas, yet how often are children taught the best way to pay attention, or how to use attention? Attention is the lens through which all of our experiences are filtered, yet it is rarely directly and specifically taught!

Mindfulness is at its core simply focusing on a single thing at time, in a particular way, without evaluation. It is an invaluable life skill for helping children become successful students, as well as happy, well adjusted and connected.

An informal survey of my colleagues and friends found that yoga and mindfulness is being adapted to various school settings. From class transitions that begin with listening bells, rounds of belly breathing before assessments, calming scented oils on cotton balls in the nurse's office, books clubs with teachers, introductions to mindfulness apps in health class and mindfulness or yoga activities and clubs. mindfulness is staking its place in schools.

When introducing mindfulness in classrooms and schools the following steps help outline ways to weave mindfulness into classrooms and schools.

1.) Learn more.

Starting with this blog post, the internet is full of articles and videos to explore.

2.) Model Mindfulness and practice yourself.

You can’t teach what you don’t know. Practicing mindfulness will help you be aware of your own reactions if at first your students are squirmy or resistant. Keep in mind that students may not use the words you expect to describe their experience, listen for what is behind their words.

3.) In an age appropriate way, explain how mindfulness is beneficial for them.

My teens love learning about how their brain works and that mindfulness is a form of training for their brain.

Some videos for younger kids:

4.) Teach about the monkey or animal mind.

Children of all ages enjoy the practice of noticing how many places their thoughts go and how quickly thoughts connect to others. There are fantastic books for younger kids such as Moody Cow Meditates and Mindful Monkey, Happy Panda.

Teens understand that if they walk into class and see their friends laughing with peers after glancing towards them, their thoughts immediately race to.... “what did I do” ...“ they are mad”...“I’m not going to have a partner for this project”... “ there goes my secrets, begin the rumors”... “I’ll be left out of the weekend plans” … “I’ll be alone forever”.

Teach them to acknowledge the chatter but not get caught in it.

5.) Start small.

Begin with 1-3 minutes at the start of class directing kids to feel their seat in their seat, their feet on the floor, their hands on their lap and intentionally take 5-10 long inhales and exhales.

Other ideas:
  • Practice silent snack one day a week. Take a mindful walk as a class and have them focus on their senses and record them in their own journals ( words or visuals) when back in the classroom. Create a mindful space in a corner of your room with coloring books, pencils, cushions as a safe break place.
  • For kids, it may be hard to focus on a single item at a time, so use manipulatives. A Hoberman Sphere, Pinwheels or feathers to demonstrate breath. Build Worry Jars, adapt Chutes and Ladders or other familiar games with mindful exercises. Use one of the many Yoga Card Decks. 

6.) There’s an App for this!

Ironic perhaps to use technology, but most kids love technology and it offers choice and control. Try “”, “Stop, Breathe and Think”, “Smiling Mind” or the “Insight Meditation Timer” (after medications my kids love to check out the world map and see all the locations where people are meditating!). Try a classroom program such as

7.) Be consistent.

Greater benefits and habits are created when mindfulness is done repeatedly. Colleagues who practice mindfulness daily, even for a few minutes notice the impact is greater than if done sporadically.

Mindfulness is good for us and our children and has a natural place in our schools. Benefits abound like enhanced attention, self-regulation, social competence, as well as greater kindness and compassion. After I have practiced mindfulness with my students or clients they look different, calmer and more relaxed, and they ask for it again.

I too notice the rest of my day feels more manageable and my smile is broader. Enjoy adding mindfulness to your classroom or express your hope to your child’s teacher or school leaders that mindfulness be a part of your child’s school experience.


Ann-Noelle McCowan has worked with children and adolescents since 2001, and practiced yoga and meditation since 2005. Since 2003, she has been employed as a school counselor in a local high-performing school district, and prior to that was worked in the San Francisco Public Schools.

She received her dual Masters Degree (M.S.) in Marriage, Family and Child Therapy (MFCC), and School Counseling from San Francisco State University in 2002, her B.A. from Union College in New York, and her 200 hour-Registered Yoga Credential (RYT) from Shri Yoga.

McCowan completed additional Yoga trainings including the Kid Asana Program in 2014, Trauma in Children in 2016 and Adaptive yoga for Parkinson’s in 2014.

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